Essay on bonaventure
of which the first degree should consist of those which immediately tend. Those ingenious punishments, the ne plus ultra of the human mind, endeavouring to render death horrible, seem rather the inventions of tyranny than of justice. The fortunate and happy may hope for greater honours, but let him not therefore be less afraid than others of violating those conditions on which he is exalted. Chapter.: OF duelling. But this crime, alas! We punish a son for having lost a father, and a widow because she is deprived of her husband. It hath long since been observed, that a man after he is hanged is good for nothing, and that punishments invented for the good of society, ought to be useful to society. The sovereign, who represents the society itself, can only make general laws to bind the members; but it belongs not to him to judge whether any individual has violated the social compact, or incurred the punishment in consequence.
Impose a penance, and let him be pardoned. The punishment of death is pernicious to society, from the example of barbarity it affords. Edition: current; Page: 39 chapter.: OF honour. Such likewise was formerly the custom in France, and such it ought to be in all polished nations.
This obligation, which descends from the throne to the cottage, and equally binds the highest and lowest of mankind, signifies nothing more, than that it is the interest of all, that conventions, which are useful to the greatest number, should be punctually observed. That it should never be inflicted, but when ordained by the law. Men's Swimming Diving,. The uncertainty of their fate condemns them to perpetual exile, and frees society from the danger of further injury; whilst the punishment of the criminal, by deterring others, answers the purpose for which it was ordained. It is strange, that the inhabitants of the capital should be subject to a severer law Edition: current; Page: 222 than the people in the country: but laws, like the cottages in a village, were generally established by accident, and without attention to the regularity. In addition, reason is good due to inception in God, who is the primary Author of all that exists. Torture is used to discover, whether the criminal be guilty of other crimes besides those of which he is accused: which is equivalent to the following reasoning: Thou art guilty of one crime, therefore it is possible that thou mayst have committed a thousand others. Pro qualitate person, quoque rei conditione et temporis et tatis et sexus, vel clementius statuendum. John Paul II referred to this as philosophical pride (FR). If, in this case, a master prosecutes his servant, and the unhappy wretch suffer death, the whole neighbourhood hold the master in abhorrence: they perceive that the law is contrary to nature, and consequently that it is a bad law. Revolutions of a similar kind happened in Holland, in Scotland, and in Switzerland.
Bonaventure s Work on Faith and The Most, holy Name of Mary, devotion NeuroCare Institute of Central Florida
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