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The Eastern Roman/Byzantine Empire Restored section of the Theodosian Walls In 330, Constantine moved the seat of the Empire to Constantinople, which he founded as a second Rome on the site of Byzantium, a city strategically located on the trade routes. Haywood, John (2001) 1997. John was a pious and dedicated Emperor who was determined to undo the damage to the empire suffered at the Battle of Manzikert, half a century earlier. In 650 the Byzantine Empire had lost all of its southern provinces except the Exarchate of Africa to the Caliphate. For example, embassies to the capital would often stay on for years. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 257 Following Rome's conquest of the east its 'Pax Romana inclusionist political practices and development of public infrastructure, facilitated the further spreading and entrenchment of Greek language in the east.
Munro (Series 1, Vol 3:1). Although there was a formal declaration of institutional separation, on 16 July, when three papal legates entered the Hagia Sophia during Divine Liturgy on a Saturday afternoon and placed a bull of excommunication on the altar, 113 the so-called Great Schism was actually the culmination.
Geoffrey of Villehardouin 1963,. . 4345, 66, 114115 a b Haldon 1990,. . Diplomacy gone to seed: a history of Byzantine foreign relations,.D. 3; Mango 2002,. . 160 After the death of Theobald III, Count of Champagne, the leadership of the Crusade passed to Boniface of Montferrat, a friend of the Hohenstaufen Philip of Swabia. 54 The Ostrogoths were soon reunited under the command of King Totila and captured Rome in 546.
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