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Functionalist theory sociology essay


functionalist theory sociology essay

of deviant behavior linked to various types of social adaptations. Functionalist theorists believe that this internalisation of norms and values results in social cohesion and stability, as well as ensuring a continuity and order in society.read more. Merton has for instance neglected the contribution of Catholicism to scientific change and the role of counter-reformation in the development of western rationalism. However, like the Functionalists these views can be too deterministic by assuming negative labelling always leads to a self-fulfilling prophecy, as it can have an opposite effect like in the case of Afro-Caribbean schoolgirls. Analysis of the Content: Part I (pp. This judgment is perhaps most decisively affirmed when set forth not by many whose work is guided by that paradigm but by those who find faults with some aspects of it (p.XI). While many sociology text books recognize the social institutions of family, economy, and religion, rarely is science mentioned as a social institution. In Part IV of the book, Merton examines what he calls the norms of science, a set of basic values that govern scientific communities.

Functionalist theory sociology essay
functionalist theory sociology essay

Merton is not satisfied that functionalism invariably sees contributions of practices to cultural system. On the basis of the discussion in part I, Merton makes claims in favor of sociological theory logically essays on business setup connected propositions based on empirical data from which empirical uniformities can be derived. Turner, Bryan S (1992) Regulating bodies; essays in medical sociology, Routledge. Merton refers to these limited range theories as the middle range theories. Communism refers to the social collaboration employed in science so that scientific findings and products are assigned to the community. Merton tells us what should be the approach of the discipline of sociology and what the practitioners of sociology and social anthropology should aim at, for instance, Merton is clear that the intellectual requirement of the history of sociological thought should go beyond compilation. Merton chooses to elucidate it with the case of conflict between cultural goals and institutional norms leading to anomie.

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